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healthy diet synthetic vitamins nutritional supplements

Exercise 13. Make sure you remember the active vocabulary:

Organic compound, sufficient quantity, single exception, essential nutrients, fatty acid, amino acid, water-soluble vitamins, fat-soluble vitamins, be stored in the fatty tissue, ingest frequently, excreted through the urine, diverse biochemical functions, maintain body tissues, immune system’s performance, outer cell membrane, deficiency disease, vitamin poisoning, broad range of functions, play a significant role, deliver oxygen, muscle contraction, transmit messages, strengthen each other, work properly, absorb phosphorus and calcium, outside sources, synthetic vitamins, nutritional supplements, intestinal bacteria, isolated vitamins, counterpart, take after meals, substitution for a healthy diet, otherwise, gel-capsule form, powder form, lozenge form.

Exercise 14.Read the package insert (анотація до лікарського засобу) below and answer the questions:

THERAGRAN-M TABLETS COMPOSITION Each THERAGRAN-M tablet supplies: Vitamin A 10 000 i.u.; Vitamin D 400 i.u.; Vitamin B110 mg; Vitamin B210 mg; Vitamin B65 mg; Vitamin B125 mcg; Niacinamide 100 mg; Calcium Pantothenate 20 mg; Vitamin C 200 mg; Vitamin E 15 i.u.; Iodine 0,15 mg; Iron 12 mg; Copper 2 mg; Manganese 1 mg; Magnesium 65 mg; Zinc 1,5 mg. PHARMACOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION Category A 22.1 Multivitamins and multivitamins with minerals. INDICATIONSTHERAGRAN-M is indicated in mixed vitamin deficiencies. THERAGRAN-M supplies high potency dosages of vitamins required in chronic vitamin deficiency states, and is of clinical importance when high potency nutritional support is indicated in special medical situations. THERAGRAN-M contains all the essential vitamins for an extended vitamin coverage of multiple deficiencies resulting from unbalanced diets, pregnancy, old age, infections. convalescence and adolescence. WARNINGS Not to be used by persons who are allergic to iodine. DOSAGE AND DIRECTIONS FOR USE Adult dosage is 1 tablet daily. Do not exceed the recommended dose unless prescribed by a doctor. KNOWN SYMPTOMS OF OVERDOSAGE AND PARTICULARS OF ITS TREATMENT Treatment of overdosage should be symptomatic and supportive. IDENTIFICATION A maroon coloured, capsule shaped, sugar coated tablet with an odour of vanillin. PRESENTATION Bottles of 30 tablets. STORAGE INSTRUCTIONS Store at room temperature not exceeding 25°C. Avoid excessive heat. KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN.

1) What kind of medical preparation isTHERAGRAN-M?

2) What vitamins and minerals does it supply?

3) In which cases is THERAGRAN-M indicated?

4) Who shouldn’t use the THERAGRAN-M?

5) What is the recommended dose for adults?

6) What does THERAGRAN-M look like?

7)What are the recommendations as to storage of the preparation?


1.Vitamin D which can be synthesized in the …

a) stomach c) skin

b) spleen d) bone marrow


2. There are … universally recognized vitamins.

a) 15 c) 7

b) 13 d) 12

3. Fat-soluble vitamins are stored …

a) in the intestines c) in the muscles

b) in the skin d) in the body's fatty tissue

4. Water soluble vitamins must be ingested …. for optimal health.

a) frequently c) sometimes

b) twice a day d) rarely


5. Vitamin E protects the outer cell membranes …

a) from other vitamins c) from parasites

b) from harm d) from minerals

6. … can be the best defense against many diseases.

a) vaccination c) antibiotics

b) physical activity d) a diet naturally high in vitamins and minerals

7. You can develop health problems (deficiency disease) …

a) if you do not eat meat

b) if you do not get enough of a particular vitamin

c) if you never take synthetic vitamins

d) if you don’t take nutritional supplements


8. High doses of certain vitamins can cause ….

a) immediate death c) vitamin poisoning

b) cancer d) coma

9. There are … minerals, which play significant roles in the body.

a) 4 c) 30

b) 20 d) 12

10. Zinc is responsible for helping metabolize … and keeping enzymes functioning.

a) fats c) proteins

b) oxygen d) carbohydrates

11. Iron delivers … to the body’s cells.

a) oxygen c) nutrients

b) carbon dioxide d) minerals

12. Vitamins and minerals not only help the body function, but they …

a) destroy it c) kill dangerous bacteria

b) produce vitamin poisoning d) work to strengthen each other

13. The body absorbs … through the help of vitamin C.

a) iron c) sodium

b) zinc d) potassium

14. Vitamin … is produced by intestinal bacteria.

a) A c) K

b) C d) D

15. … should be taken before meals.

a) All the minerals c) Fat-soluble vitamins

b) Nutritional supplements d) Water-soluble vitamins




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