A list of words
London is the capital city of England and the United Kingdom. An important settlement for around two millennia, London is today one of the world's most important business, financial and cultural centres. London is the most populous city in the European Union. Its population is very cosmopolitan, and under 7 mln. people live in London. Its territory is 480 squ. km. Residents of London are referred to as Londoners.
London is an international transport hub, with two international airports and a large port. It serves as the largest aviation center in the world, and its principal airport, Heathrow, carries more international passengers than any other. London is a major tourist destination - counting iconic landmarks such as the Houses of Parliament, Tower Bridge, the Tower of London, Westminster Abbey, Buckingham Palace and the London Eye amongst its many attractions, along with famous institutions such as the British Museum and the National Gallery.
Today, "London" is usually referred to the area known as Greater London which is also the London region of England. At the heart of the area is the small, ancient City of London which was historically the entirety of the city. Londoners generally refer to the City of London simply as "the City" or the "Square Mile".
Traditionally London is divided into several parts: the City, the West End, the East End and the Westminster.
Greater London covers an area of 609 square miles, making it one of the world's largest cities by area. Its primary geographical feature is the Thames, a navigable river which crosses the city from the southwest to the east. It is a tidal river, and London is vulnerable to flooding. London has a temperate climate with regular but generally light precipitation throughout the year. The warmest month is July, the coolest one is January.
The City of London is the oldest part of it, its financial and business center. The heart of the City is the Stock Exchange.
The West End is London's main entertainment and shopping district, with places such as Oxford Street, Leicester Square, Covent Garden and Piccadilly Circus acting as tourist magnets. The West London area is known for fashionable and expensive residential areas such as Notting Hill, Kensington and Chelsea.
The East End — the area closest to the original Port of London, known for its high immigrant population. It used to be one of the poorest areas in London.
London has a number of open spaces situated throughout the city. The largest of these in the central area are the Royal Parks of Hyde Park and its neighbours Kensington Gardens and Holland Park Gardens at the western edge of central London, and Regent's Park on the northern edge. More central places are the smaller Royal Parks of Green Park and St. James's Park. Hyde Park in particular is popular for sports and sometimes hosts open-air concerts.
London is the home of the Government of the United Kingdom which is located around the Houses of Parliament in Westminster. Many government offices are located close to Parliament, particularly along Whitehall and including the Prime Minister's famous residence on Downing Street.
From being the largest port in the world, the Port of London is now only the third – largest in the United Kingdom, handling 50 million tonnes of cargo each year.
In terms of religion, London is historically dominated by Christianity, and has a large number of churches, particularly in the City. The famous St Paul's Cathedral in the City and Southwark Cathedral south of the river are Anglican administrative centres, whilst important national and royal ceremonies are shared between St Paul's and Westminster Abbey. London is also home to sizeable Muslim, Hindu, Sikh, and Jewish communities.
The Palace of Westminster, also known as the Houses of Parliament or Westminster Palace, in London, England is where the two Houses of the Parliament of the United Kingdom (the House of Lords and the House of Commons) meet to conduct their business. The Palace was rebuilt after it was almost entirely destroyed by a fire in 1834 by the architects Sir Charles Barry and Augustus Welby Pugin. Westminster Abbey was built over 900 years ago and it is the traditional place of coronation and burial site for English monarchs.
The Tower of London is a dominating landmark in central London. Its primary function was a fortress, a royal palace and a prison. It has also served as a place of execution and torture, an armoury, a treasury, a zoo, a mint, a public records office, and an observatory.
Buckingham Palace is the official London residence of the British monarch. It has been a rallying point for British people at times of national rejoicing, crisis or grief.
The British Museum in London is one of the world's largest and most important museums of human history and culture. Its collections, which number more than seven million objects from all continents, illustrate and document the story of human culture from its beginning to the present.
Trafalgar Square is a square in central London that commemorates the Battle of Trafalgar (1805), a British naval victory of the Napoleonic Wars. The square, a popular site for political demonstrations, is the site of Nelson's Column, and related sculptures of note.
A list of words
4.international transport/aviation hub
7. urban area
8. navigable/tidal river
12.the Europian Union
15.hosts open-air concerts
16. the Houses of Parliament
17.members of Parliament
30. place of execution and torture
34.public records office
35.national rejoicing, crisis & grief
37.the Battle of Trafalgar
40. the Napoleonic Wars
46.to illustrate & document the story of
48. to be vulnerable to flooding
50.the Stock Exchange
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