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Read and translate the text with the help of a dictionary. The National Organic Standards Board defines organic agriculture as an ecological production management system that promotes and enhances biodiversity

The National Organic Standards Board defines organic agriculture as an ecological production management system that promotes and enhances biodiversity, biological cycles and soil biological activity. It is based on minimal use of off-farm inputs and on management practices that restore, maintain and enhance ecological harmony.

Because organic practices safeguard the environment and protect habitats, organic production conserves and promotes species diversity. In the United Kingdom, a study comparing biodiversity in organic farming and conventional farming systems found that organic farms had five times as many wild plants in arable fields and 57 percent more species.

Organic fruits and vegetables are becoming increasingly more popular in mainstream markets in the US. Not only are they healthy, but they can be more robust in flavor than typical produce.

The organic farms also had 25 percent more birds at the fields edge, 44 percent more in the field in autumn and winter, and 2.2 times as many breeding skylarks higher skylark breeding rates. In addition, they had 1.6 times as many of the invertebrate arthropods that make up bird food; thee times as many non-pest butterflies in the crop areas; one to five times as many spider numbers, and one to two times as many spider species. They also showed a significant decrease in aphid numbers.

Organic practices protect ground water supplies and avoid runoff of chemicals that can cause “dead zones” in larger bodies of water. Coastal environments exhibit symptoms of over-enrichment from these runoffs. Symptoms include harmful algal blooms, loss of sea grasses and coral reefs, and serious oxygen depletion. Coastal regions, as a result, have suffered reduced production of valuable fisheries and threats to biodiversity and ecosystems less resistant to natural and human influences.

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